Latin Name: Vitex negundo
English Name: Five-Leaved Chaste Tree
Sanskrit / Indian Names: Nirgundi, Sephali
Vitex negundo is a large, aromatic shrub with quadrangular, densely whitish, tomentose branchlets.Its principle constituents are casticin, isoorientin, chrysophenol D, luteolin, p–hydroxybenzoic acid and D-fructose. The leaves possess discutient properties and are applied to rheumatic swellings of the joints and in sprains. It can be applied locally in rheumatic arthritis and sprains. The juice of the leaves is used for the treatment of fetid discharges. They show anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal and analgesic activities. It is useful in the treatment of superficial bruises, injuries, sores and skin infections.